Global Labour Journal 2020-09-30T12:56:38+00:00 Karin Pampallis Open Journal Systems <p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">The <em>Global Labour Journal</em> is an open-access, fully peer-reviewed online journal launched in January 2010. It is the official journal of the International Sociological Association’s Research Committee on Labour Movements (<a href="">RC44</a>). The Journal is co-hosted by the Global Labour University (<a href="">GLU</a>), and supported by the International Center for Development and Decent Work (<a href="">ICDD</a>) in Kassel, Germany, and the Center for Global Workers’ Rights (<a href="">CGWR</a>) at Penn State University in State College, USA.</p> <p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">The Journal serves as a forum to capture the plentiful and diverse scholarly work emerging on labour activities worldwide. It seeks to explore the role of globalisation in breaking down boundaries between the global/local and the public/private as they relate to labour activities.</p> <p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">Our aim is to provide a global forum for scholarly work on a comparative sociology of labour movements. Thus our intention is to understand, record and promote the transition of the labour movement into a new form of global unionism, and to highlight how labour activities are increasingly shaped by global forces.</p> <p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">Manuscripts may be <a title="Submissions" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">submitted</a> via this website. Should you have any questions about the suitability of your manuscript for consideration in the Global Labour Journal, or any difficulty in submitting online, please do not hesitate to contact the <a title="GLJ Managing Editor" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">GLJ Managing Editor</a>.</p> <p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">ISSN 1918-6711</p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p style="font-size: 1.6em;"><strong><a href="">CURRENT ISSUE: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2020)</a></strong></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p style="font-size: 1.2em;"><strong> </strong> <span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>EDITORIAL TEAM</strong></span></p> <table width="690" cellpadding="16"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; width: 33%;"> <p><strong>Editors</strong></p> <p>Maria Lorena Cook Cornell University <br />United States</p> <p>Madhumita Dutta<br />The Ohio State University<br />United States</p> <p>Alexander Gallas<br />University of Kassel<br />Germany</p> <p>Ben Scully<br />University of the Witwatersrand<br />South Africa</p> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top; width: 33%;"> <p><strong>Managing Editor</strong></p> <p>Karin Pampallis<br />University of the Witwatersrand<br />South Africa</p> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top; width: 33%;"> <p><strong>Reviews Editor</strong></p> <p>Jörg Nowak<br />University College Dublin Ireland</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Consulting Editor</strong></p> <p>Robert O'Brien<br />McMaster University<br />Canada</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Local Dynamics as a Resource for Labour Protests: The Case of Wildcat Strikes in the Metal Industry in Turkey, 2012-2016 2020-07-31T03:56:56+00:00 Isil Erdinc <p>This article analyses the role of local dynamics on trade unions’ mobilisation capacity at the<br />national level, with a focus on the wildcat strikes in the metal sector in Bursa, a city in north-west<br />Turkey, from 2012 to 2016. It studies to what extent local dynamics such as alliances with local<br />branches of political parties, workplace demonstrations, and local electoral and union organising<br />campaigns contributed to protests against national government policies. The research and<br />analysis are based on both qualitative data collected during fieldwork and on quantitative data<br />from a variety of Turkish and international sources. Through an analysis of the wildcat strikes,<br />the article contributes to the literature on labour movements and strikes in authoritarian contexts.<br />Differently from the majority of the existing literature on this issue, it focuses on the workplace<br />level rather than analysing the relations between government officials and the trade union<br />confederations at the national level. By doing this, it shows that, despite the oppressive context at<br />the national level, trade unions may regain power at the sectoral level.<br />KEYWORDS: trade unions; metal industry; Turkey; authoritarian regime; social movements</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Global Labour Journal The Social Foundations of Structural Power: Strategic Position, Worker Unity and External Alliances in the Making of the Chilean Dockworker Movement 2020-04-16T08:05:59+00:00 Katy Fox-Hodess Camilo Santibáñez Rebolledo <p>This article examines the associational and societal foundations of structural power. A case study<br />of the ten-year-long history of the Unión Portuaria de Chile is analysed with a focus on a critical<br />juncture in 2012–2014. The Chilean dockworker case is an emblematic example of trade union<br />movement revitalisation via strikes of strategically positioned workers. Yet ethnographic research<br />with the organisation suggests that the role it has come to play in the country was only possible as<br />a result of intensive long-term organising efforts to develop a high degree of internal unity at<br />multiple scales, as well as sustained alliances with external actors. As a result, the authors argue that<br />the most economistic accounts of worker power and trade union movement revitalisation are<br />analytically insufficient and would benefit from greater attention to associational and societal<br />dimensions of power, even among the most strategically positioned workers.<br />KEYWORDS: trade union revitalisation; structural power; associational power; strategic position; dockworkers</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Global Labour Journal Korean Suicide Protest as Anomic Response to Labour Disempowerment 2019-09-22T11:57:47+00:00 Minsun Ji <p>The article argues that the growth of worker protest suicide in the 2000s in South Korea is related<br />to current neo-liberal political-economic conditions in Korea, including: 1) the growing crisis facing<br />increasingly irregular and part-time workers, and 2) the construction of an anti-labour legal regime<br />giving Korean workers few legal options for collective engagement in workplace actions. Legal<br />obstacles facing labour activists include both business and state actors increasingly using<br />compensation lawsuits and provisional seizure tactics to seize the assets of unions and striking<br />workers. As the Korean labour movement finds itself increasingly marginalised by the crippling<br />anti-labour legal innovations of the last two decades, labour resistance has increasingly manifested<br />in extreme forms of individualistic protests, such as worker suicide. Though products of anomic<br />despair, these suicides retain the capacity to inspire collective labour action and to leverage change.<br />KEYWORDS: labour movement; protest suicide; provisional seizure; neo-liberalism; Korea</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Global Labour Journal Capital Comes North: Exploring the Discursive Challenges to International Solidarity among Nickel Miners in Sudbury, Ontario 2020-07-30T07:20:32+00:00 Adam D.K. King <p>This article draws on twenty-six qualitative interviews with rank-and-file United Steelworkers<br />nickel miners in Sudbury, Ontario. It analyses some of the challenges to building international<br />solidarity at Brazilian-based multinational mining firm Vale. Engaging with labour geography and<br />labour movement renewal scholarship, the article explores how identity formation and<br />institutional structures interact to shape workers’ understandings of their interests and capacities.<br />In particular, it considers the impact of national identity as it arose in response to the issue of<br />foreign ownership during the interviews. The findings suggest that attempts by the union to<br />discursively reframe workers’ struggle against their new multinational employer have yet to fully<br />contend with the persistence of spatially bound forms of working-class identity and interests<br />among workers in the sample.<br />KEYWORDS: international solidarity; discursive framing; spatial interests; national identity; nickel mining</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Global Labour Journal Seeing the "Changing Nature of Work" through a Precarity Lens 2020-06-10T03:52:16+00:00 Richard W. Mallett <p>This article reviews the concept of precarity and offers critical reflections on its contribution to the<br />study of contemporary labour and livelihoods. A stock-take of key and recent literature suggests<br />that, despite conceptual ambiguity and overstretching, “thinking with precarity” continues to prove<br />a valuable and worthwhile exercise – so long as that thinking is carefully articulated. This involves<br />understanding precarity as: 1) rooted in concrete labour market experiences but also connected to<br />broader anxieties over social and political life; 2) a process-focused concept rather than end-state<br />descriptor; and 3) speaking to longer histories and wider geographies than its commonplace status<br />as a residual term or category implies. The analytical advantages of thinking in such a way are<br />illustrated through a critical analysis of the World Bank’s World Development Report 2019 on the<br />“changing nature of work”, and in particular its handling of digital labour.<br />KEYWORDS: precarious work; politics of precarity; livelihoods; digital labour; gig economy</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Global Labour Journal Novel Labour-related Clauses in a Trade Agreement: From NAFTA to USMCA 2020-02-10T05:59:03+00:00 Christoph Scherrer <p>The renegotiated North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), now called the United States–<br />Mexico–Canada Agreement (USMCA), contains two interesting innovations: the requirement of a<br />minimum average wage in the manufacturing of motor vehicles (the Labour Value Content clause)<br />and a detailed prescription for the reform of Mexican labour law. Both could serve as models for<br />future labour chapters in trade agreements. The assessment contained in this article is based on the<br />views of those who demanded renegotiation of the labour-related provisions of NAFTA, experts<br />on labour rights in free trade agreements (FTAs) and ethics criteria. The assessment results in a<br />split picture. The labour-related provisions came about under ethically problematic circumstances<br />and their complexity leaves much room for criticism. Yet, the idea of inserting a wage floor in an<br />FTA, as well as monitoring and sanctioning mechanisms for ensuring internationally recognised<br />labour rights, merits further consideration for future trade agreements.<br />KEYWORDS: globalisation; industrial relations; competitiveness; trade agreements; outsourcing</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Global Labour Journal Review of: Kally Forrest (2019) Bonds of Justice: The Struggle for Oukasie 2020-09-01T16:39:49+00:00 Bill Freund 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Global Labour Journal Review of: Julia Harnoncourt (2018) Unfreie Arbeit. Trabalho escravo in der brasilianischen Landwirtschaft 2020-08-21T11:09:55+00:00 Laurin Blecha 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Global Labour Journal Review of: Edouard Morena, Dunja Kraus and Dimitris Stevis (eds.) (2020) Just Transitions: Social Justice in the Shift towards a Low-carbon World 2020-08-04T15:23:41+00:00 Judson Charles Abraham 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Global Labour Journal Review of: Jamie Woodcock (2019) Marx at the Arcade: Consoles, Controllers, and Class Struggle 2020-07-30T07:06:11+00:00 Benjamin Herr 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Global Labour Journal Capital, the Right, and a New Age for Labour Scholarship 2020-09-28T19:04:22+00:00 Rina Agarwala 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Global Labour Journal Worker Organisation in Precarious Times: Abandoning Trade Union Fetishism, Rediscovering Class 2020-09-26T13:29:23+00:00 Maurizio Atzeni <p>.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Global Labour Journal Reflections on Class Struggle in the Twenty-first Century 2020-09-26T15:55:26+00:00 Peter Evans <p>.</p> 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Global Labour Journal The COVID-19 Lockdown in India: A Predictable Catastrophe for Informal Labour 2020-08-11T09:35:49+00:00 Rohini Hensman 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Global Labour Journal Times of Upheaval and Uncertainty: The Year in Review 2020-09-27T08:40:21+00:00 Maria Lorena Cook Madhumita Dutta Alexander Gallas Jörg Nowak Ben Scully 2020-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Global Labour Journal