Global Labour Journal <p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">The <em>Global Labour Journal</em> is an open-access, fully peer-reviewed online journal launched in January 2010. It is the official journal of the International Sociological Association’s Research Committee on Labour Movements (<a href="">RC44</a>). The Journal is co-hosted by the Global Labour University (<a href="">GLU</a>), and supported by the International Center for Development and Decent Work (<a href="">ICDD</a>) in Kassel, Germany, and the Center for Global Workers’ Rights (<a href="">CGWR</a>) at Penn State University in State College, USA.</p> <p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">The Journal serves as a forum to capture the plentiful and diverse scholarly work emerging on labour activities worldwide. It seeks to explore the role of globalisation in breaking down boundaries between the global/local and the public/private as they relate to labour activities.</p> <p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">Our aim is to provide a global forum for scholarly work on a comparative sociology of labour movements. Thus our intention is to understand, record and promote the transition of the labour movement into a new form of global unionism, and to highlight how labour activities are increasingly shaped by global forces.</p> <p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">Manuscripts may be <a title="Submissions" href="/globallabour/about/submissions#onlineSubmissions" target="_blank" rel="noopener">submitted</a> via this website. Should you have any questions about the suitability of your manuscript for consideration in the Global Labour Journal, or any difficulty in submitting online, please do not hesitate to contact the <a title="GLJ Managing Editor" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">GLJ Managing Editor</a>.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p style="font-size: 1.6em;"><strong><a href="">CURRENT ISSUE: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2018)</a></strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p style="font-size: 1.2em;"><strong>&nbsp; &nbsp;</strong> <span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>EDITORIAL TEAM</strong></span></p> <table width="690" cellpadding="16"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; width: 33%;"> <p><strong>Editors</strong></p> <p>Rina Agarwala<br>Johns Hopkins University <br>United States</p> <p>Jenny Chan<br>Hong Kong Polytechnic University<br>China</p> <p>Alexander Gallas<br>University of Kassel<br>Germany</p> <p>Ben Scully<br>University of the Witwatersrand<br>South Africa</p> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top; width: 33%;"> <p><strong>Managing Editor</strong></p> <p>Karin Pampallis<br>University of the Witwatersrand<br>South Africa</p> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top; width: 33%;"> <p><strong>Reviews Editor</strong></p> <p>Jörg Nowak<br>University of Nottingham<br>United Kingdom<br><br></p> <p><strong>Consulting Editor</strong></p> <p>Robert O'Brien<br>McMaster University<br> Canada</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> McMaster University Library Press en-US Global Labour Journal 1918-6711 <div style="text-align: justify;"><p><em>Global Labour Journal's</em> authors grant the journal permission to publish, but they retain copyright of their manuscripts. The <em>Global Labour Journal</em> applies a <a title="Creative Commons License" href="" target="_blank">Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International License</a>.</p><p>Under the terms of this licensing framework anyone is free to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work, under the following conditions:</p><ol><li><em>Attribution</em>: You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).</li><li><em>Noncommercial Use:</em> You may not use this work for commercial purposes.</li><li><em>No Derivative Works</em>: You may not alter, transform, or build upon this work.</li></ol><p>For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work.</p><p>Any of the above conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder, the author of the piece. The author's moral rights are retained in this license.</p><p> </p></div> The Power Resources Approach: Developments and Challenges Stefan Schmalz Carmen Ludwig Edward Webster ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 9 2 10.15173/glj.v9i2.3569 Securing, Leveraging and Sustaining Power for Street Vendors in India <p>While street vendors have provided goods and services to millions at an affordable rate on their doorsteps since time immemorial, erosion of the rural livelihood base, growing informalisation and unabated urbanisation have suddenly increased their numbers in Indian cities in the 1990s. Despite the fact that these workers contribute significantly to the urban economy, they have faced and often continue to experience humiliation, continual harassment, confiscations and sudden evictions. It became imperative to advocate for their rights through the formulation of appropriate policies, the enactment of relevant laws, and the provision of adequate social protection benefits. The National Association of Street Vendors of India (NASVI) played a pivotal and catalytic role in transforming street vendors from non-entities into a formidable force to reckon with. Based on existing published works on the street vendors’ movement in India, a series of key informant interviews and national consultation with stakeholders, the paper aims to document the journey of NASVI in terms of milestones, struggles and successes using the theoretical framework of power resources and capabilities. It also makes an attempt to bring out important lessons for social actors interested in organising informal workers.</p> Sachin Kumar Arbind Singh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 9 2 10.15173/glj.v9i2.3353 Transforming Transport Unions through Mass Organisation of Informal Workers: A Case Study of the ATGWU in Uganda <p>This paper analyses the power resources of informal transport workers in Uganda, and the transformation processes of the Amalgamated Transport and General Workers' Union (ATGWU) and their newly affiliated informal workers' associations in organising informal workers. We examined the process of organisation, how strategic choices were made, and how the expected increases in power resources were realised. We also analysed the critical factors behind the success of the strategy, as well as the lessons learned and the unresolved challenges. The ATGWU faced an almost complete collapse in membership following the impact of structural adjustment programmes in the 1980s, and the subsequent informalisation of the transport industry. In recent years, it has pioneered a strategy of organising through the affiliatio of mass-membership associations of informal workers, notably representing minibus taxi workers and motorcycle taxi ("boda-boda") riders. The unionisation of informal workers has had a dramatic impact: a reduction in police harassment, substantial gains through collective bargaining, reduced internal conflict within the associations, and improvement of visibility and status for nformal women transport workers. The rapid expansion has raided new challenges for the union, particularly in the transition to a fully integrated formal-informal organisation, the need for reform of democratic process and accountability, and the maintenance of solidarity between informal and formal workers.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dave Spooner John Mark Mwanika ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 9 2 10.15173/glj.v9i2.3347 The Ambivalence of Structural Power: Alternative Trade Unions Challenging Transnational Automotive Companies in Russia <p>Russia’s traditional system of employment relations was marked by an overt quiescence about past decades. From 2000 onwards, increasing numbers of transnational companies throughout Russia’s booming regions gave rise to the unfolding of an alternative union movement. In Kaluga, located south-west of Moscow, plant organisations successfully struggled to receive formal recognition as negotiating unions in foreign automobile firms, not shying away from open conflict. However, processes indicate their prospects for lasting consolidation go along with certain difficulties. Successes achieved are ostensibly the result of utilising workers’ strong primary bargaining power. The unions’ sole local focus of conflict, as well as the absence of employers’ associations, prevent negotiations for sectoral or regional agreements, possibly impairing unions’ associational power. Since societal power is practically absent, a substantial shift in power balances is not yet in sight.</p> Sarah Hinz ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 9 2 10.15173/glj.v9i2.3348 Building Union Power Across Borders: The Transnational Partnership Initiative of IG Metall and the UAW <p>This is a case study of how the transnational cooperation between two unions – IG Metall in Germany and the United Automobile Workers (UAW) in the United States – was put on a new trajectory. It is a template for the challenges unions face in adapting their nationally oriented self-interest toward building transnational solidarity and being able to leverage global corporate power in defence of workers’ interests across borders. Using the power resources approach, it highlights the unions’ transnational strategy built on mobilising associational and institutional resources. Understanding their make-up and utilisation became crucial in the process as limits to institutional power without involvement and mobilisation on the ground became evident. The case study focuses on the initiation and preparation phase of a more comprehensive organisational cooperation, culminating in a formal agreement to establish a Transnational Partnership Initiative (TPI) in 2015. While no organising gains were made in this phase – indeed, only losses – it was crucial for building trust and mutual understanding, as well as for actively promoting a broadly based anchoring of the TPI in terms of policy in both unions. The case study’s conclusions are generally positive on this count; yet they are preliminary as the overall project is a work-in-progress and its basis of support beyond the two unions (societal power) is still untested.</p> Michael Fichter ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 9 2 10.15173/glj.v9i2.3343 The CUT’s Experience during the Workers' Party Governments in Brazil (2003-2016) <p>This paper looks at the development of the Unified Workers’ Central of Brazil (CUT) during the four consecutive Workers’ Party (PT) governments, first under Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and later under Dilma Rousseff. The analysis draws on various aspects of the power resources approach, but focuses specifically on institutional power. The government found it politically difficult to implement a left-wing programme, due to the complex nature of the ruling coalition and its conservative opposition in the broader context of neo-liberal hegemony and financial globalisation. By continuing to establish dialogue with social movements, the PT governments stimulated forms of social participation in developing public policies, reinforcing existing institutions and creating new ones. By using its institutional power, the CUT was able to strengthen its participation in public institutions. There were hardly any substantial debates on labour or employment conducted without the CUT’s participation. On the other hand, the privileged spaces in the labour arena did not achieve structural changes capable of redefining the country’s development model and the standard of work regulation.</p> <p class="western" style="line-height: 150%; orphans: 2; widows: 2;" lang="en-GB" align="justify"><span style="font-size: medium;">&nbsp;</span></p> José Dari Krein Hugo Dias ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 9 2 10.15173/glj.v9i2.3342 When Local Class Unionism Meets International Solidarity: A Case of Union Revitalisation in Turkey <p>The article concerns the recent transformation and ensuing successes of a Turkish trade union of road transport workers called Tüm Taşıma İşçileri Sendikası (TÜMTİS). In the mid-2000s, TÜMTİS was mainly organised in small-sized freight companies having around 1&nbsp;500 members with collective contracts. The strategic choice of a new leadership to concentrate on a large-scale, international firm with the support of Global Unions was the turning point. The ensuing United Parcel Service campaign ended with a collective agreement for nearly 2&nbsp;700 new members in 2011. The union won its second large-scale organising victory at DHL in 2014. At the time of writing, a third large-scale firm is on the verge of recognition. To scrutinise this case, I use the power resources approach in a critical way. To the approach, I add an examination of the subjectivities of union leaders by drawing on the debates about different types of unionisms, importance of the ideology and motivations. I argue that the agency behind this revitalisation can be only explained by taking both its objectivities and subjectivities into account. While the class unionism embraced by TÜMTİS leaders explains the subjective side of the story, associational power from below and its meeting with international solidarity play the key role on the objective side.</p> Alpkan Birelma ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 9 2 10.15173/glj.v9i2.3336 Review of: Olle Törnquist and John Harriss (2016) Reinventing Social Democratic Development. Insights from Indian and Scandinavian Comparisons Bernhard Leubolt ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 9 2 10.15173/glj.v9i2.3543 Review of: Vishwas Satgar (2018) The Climate Crisis: South African and Global Democratic Eco-Socialist Alternatives Edward Webster ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 9 2 10.15173/glj.v9i2.3541 Review of: Pun Ngai (2016) Migrant Labour in China Bijun Ye ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 9 2 10.15173/glj.v9i2.3570 Agency and the Power Resources Approach: Asserting the Importance of the Structuring Conditions of the Capitalist Social Relations of Production Andreas Bieler ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 9 2 10.15173/glj.v9i2.3528 Power Resources and Organising Informal Economy Workers <p>&nbsp; </p> Akua O. Britwum ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 9 2 10.15173/glj.v9i2.3583 Power Resources in Theory and Practice: Where to Go from Here Marissa Brookes ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 9 2 10.15173/glj.v9i2.3571