Global Labour Journal <p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">The <em>Global Labour Journal</em> is an open-access, fully peer-reviewed online journal launched in January 2010. It is the official journal of the International Sociological Association’s Research Committee on Labour Movements (<a href="">RC44</a>). The Journal is co-hosted by the Global Labour University (<a href="">GLU</a>), and supported by the International Center for Development and Decent Work (<a href="">ICDD</a>) in Kassel, Germany, and the Center for Global Workers’ Rights (<a href="">CGWR</a>) at Penn State University in State College, USA.</p><p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">The Journal serves as a forum to capture the plentiful and diverse scholarly work emerging on labour activities worldwide. It seeks to explore the role of globalisation in breaking down boundaries between the global/local and the public/private as they relate to labour activities.</p><p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">Our aim is to provide a global forum for scholarly work on a comparative sociology of labour movements. Thus our intention is to understand, record and promote the transition of the labour movement into a new form of global unionism, and to highlight how labour activities are increasingly shaped by global forces.</p><p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">Manuscripts may be <a title="Submissions" href="/globallabour/about/submissions#onlineSubmissions" target="_blank">submitted</a> via this website. Should you have any questions about the suitability of your manuscript for consideration in the Global Labour Journal, or any difficulty in submitting online, please do not hesitate to contact the <a title="GLJ Managing Editor" href="" target="_blank">GLJ Managing Editor</a>.</p><p><strong><br /></strong></p><p style="font-size: 1.6em;"><strong><a href="/globallabour/issue/view/334">CURRENT ISSUE: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2018)</a></strong></p><p><strong><br /></strong></p><p style="font-size: 1.2em;"><strong>   </strong><strong> </strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>EDITORIAL TEAM</strong></span></p><table width="690" cellpadding="16"><tbody><tr><td style="vertical-align: top; width: 33%;"><p><strong>Editors</strong></p><p>Rina Agarwala<br />Johns Hopkins University <br />United States</p><p>Jenny Chan<br />Hong Kong Polytechnic University<br />China</p><p>Alexander Gallas<br />University of Kassel<br />Germany</p><p>Ben Scully<br />University of the Witwatersrand<br />South Africa</p></td><td style="vertical-align: top; width: 33%;"><p><strong>Managing Editor</strong></p><p>Karin Pampallis<br />University of the Witwatersrand<br />South Africa</p></td><td style="vertical-align: top; width: 33%;"><p><strong>Reviews Editor</strong></p><p>Jörg Nowak<br />University of Nottingham<br />United Kingdom<br /><br /></p><p><strong>Consulting Editor</strong></p><p>Robert O'Brien<br />McMaster University<br /> Canada</p></td></tr></tbody></table> Escarpment Press en-US Global Labour Journal 1918-6711 <div style="text-align: justify;"><p><em>Global Labour Journal's</em> authors grant the journal permission to publish, but they retain copyright of their manuscripts. The <em>Global Labour Journal</em> applies a <a title="Creative Commons License" href="" target="_blank">Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International License</a>.</p><p>Under the terms of this licensing framework anyone is free to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work, under the following conditions:</p><ol><li><em>Attribution</em>: You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).</li><li><em>Noncommercial Use:</em> You may not use this work for commercial purposes.</li><li><em>No Derivative Works</em>: You may not alter, transform, or build upon this work.</li></ol><p>For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work.</p><p>Any of the above conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder, the author of the piece. The author's moral rights are retained in this license.</p><p> </p></div> The Relationship between Labour NGOs and Chinese Workers in an Authoritarian Regime <p>Labour NGOs have played a role, especially in southern China, in raising Chinese workers’ consciousness. This paper takes a historical perspective and argues that the relationship between labour NGOs and workers has changed in the past three decades, from one of workers’ dependency on Chinese labour NGOs and these NGOs’ dependency, in turn, on foreign NGOs in an asymmetrical relationship, to one more of partnership. More recently, some groups of workers have become cognisant of a divergence of interests between themselves and NGO advisors. The evolving relationship is analysed against the backdrop of an authoritarian political regime that necessitates all the actors to strategise in complex ways. A coordinated wave of strikes and other collective actions at Chinese Walmart stores in 2016 provides a case study.</p> Anita Chan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 9 1 10.15173/glj.v9i1.3272 Political and Economic Factors Influencing Strike Activity during the Recent Economic Crisis: A Study of the Spanish Case between 2002 and 2013 <p>The Great Recession and the upsurge of widespread social movements in various crisis-ridden countries have given new impetus to the debate on the relationship between economic breakdown and the occurrence of collective action. I revisit the issue by examining strike activity in Spain between 2002 and 2013. For a better understanding of the continuities and changes, I contrast two sets of literature on industrial conflict. The first deals with economic factors influencing strikes or, in other words, with the question of whether and how fluctuations in manpower supply and demand account for continuities and changes in strike activity. The second advocates for a look beyond the economy, towards the political exchange that takes place between unions and state actors and which, depending on its positive or negative nature, leads to shifts of the distributional struggle away from the marketplace towards the public arena or vice versa. The findings reveal that, rather than exclusive, the two perspectives prove to be mutually conducive and are most significant when they are combined. The political exchange model is helpful for understanding the rather stable or even declining strike frequency prior to the economic crisis but also the three nationwide general strikes in 2010 and 2012, which represented a rupture in the social consensus. If the general strikes are left aside, the economic variables come into play: an increased strike frequency during the economic crisis is in fact accompanied by a shift towards smaller strikes related to a single workplace, and to so-called “defensive” strikes. This indicates that an actual decrease in workers’ bargaining power was overcompensated by a growing number of circumstances in which the recourse to strike action became a means of last resort.</p> Nicholas Pohl ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 9 1 10.15173/glj.v9i1.3121 Precarious Bodies: Occupational Risk Assemblages in Bolivia and Trinidad <p>This article develops the concept of “precarious bodies” to theorise the lived experience of labour precariousness in the twenty-first century and its implications for workers’ health, well-being and household reproduction. Drawing on ethnographic research with Bolivian miners and Trinidadian garment workers, we explore the relationship between workers’ exposure to global market forces and their everyday experiences of work, health and risk in these industries. “Precarious bodies” is a heuristic that takes into a single frame the macro-level economic and regulatory processes that create risks for workers, and the various ways in which workers negotiate these risks through their work practices and livelihood choices. We show precarious bodies to be both vulnerable and strategic. Positioned in situations of exploitation and risk, their choices to protect their livelihoods can harm their health and reinforce – rather than counteract – the precarious circumstances of their households.</p> Rebecca Prentice Mei Trueba ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 9 1 10.15173/glj.v9i1.3152 Review of: Lu Zhang (2015) Inside China's Automobile Factories: The Politics of Labor and Worker Resistance Yunxue Deng ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 9 1 10.15173/glj.v9i1.3380 Review of: Jonathan Pattenden (2016) Labour, State and Society in Rural India: A Class-Relational Approach Koyel Lahiri ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 9 1 10.15173/glj.v9i1.3381 Review of: R. Nagaraj and S. Motiram (eds.) (2017) Political Economy of Contemporary India Adnan Naseemullah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 9 1 10.15173/glj.v9i1.3382 Review of: Gregor Gall (2017) Bob Crow: Socialist, Leader, Fighter: A Political Biography David O'Connell ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 9 1 10.15173/glj.v9i1.3317 Introduction: The Proliferation of Precarious Labour in Academia Alexander Gallas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 9 1 10.15173/glj.v9i1.3428 Organizing the Academic Precariat in the United States Celeste Atkins Louis E. Esparza Ruth Milkman Catherine L Moran ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 9 1 10.15173/glj.v9i1.3385 The Coming of a Perfect Storm? "Forced Privatisation" and Precarious Labour in South African Academia Chris Callaghan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 9 1 10.15173/glj.v9i1.3426 Precarious Academic Labour in Germany: Termed Contracts and a New Berufsverbot Alexander Gallas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 9 1 10.15173/glj.v9i1.3391 "Peace Academics" from Turkey: Solidarity until the Peace Comes Tolga Tören Melehat Kutun ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 9 1 10.15173/glj.v9i1.3424