Global Labour Journal <p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">The <em>Global Labour Journal</em> is an open-access, fully peer-reviewed online journal launched in January 2010. It is the official journal of the International Sociological Association’s Research Committee on Labour Movements (<a href="">RC44</a>). The Journal is co-hosted by the Global Labour University (<a href="">GLU</a>), and supported by the International Center for Development and Decent Work (<a href="">ICDD</a>) in Kassel, Germany, and the Center for Global Workers’ Rights (<a href="">CGWR</a>) at Penn State University in State College, USA.</p> <p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">The Journal serves as a forum to capture the plentiful and diverse scholarly work emerging on labour activities worldwide. It seeks to explore the role of globalisation in breaking down boundaries between the global/local and the public/private as they relate to labour activities.</p> <p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">Our aim is to provide a global forum for scholarly work on a comparative sociology of labour movements. Thus our intention is to understand, record and promote the transition of the labour movement into a new form of global unionism, and to highlight how labour activities are increasingly shaped by global forces.</p> <p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">Manuscripts may be <a title="Submissions" href="/globallabour/about/submissions#onlineSubmissions" target="_blank" rel="noopener">submitted</a> via this website. Should you have any questions about the suitability of your manuscript for consideration in the Global Labour Journal, or any difficulty in submitting online, please do not hesitate to contact the <a title="GLJ Managing Editor" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">GLJ Managing Editor</a>.</p> <p style="font-size: 1.2em;" align="justify">ISSN 1918-6711</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p style="font-size: 1.6em;"><strong><a href="">CURRENT ISSUE: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2019)</a></strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p style="font-size: 1.2em;"><strong>&nbsp; &nbsp;</strong> <span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>EDITORIAL TEAM</strong></span></p> <table width="690" cellpadding="16"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; width: 33%;"> <p><strong>Editors</strong></p> <p>Maria Lorena Cook&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Cornell University <br>United States</p> <p>Madhumita Dutta<br>Ohio State University<br>United States</p> <p>Alexander Gallas<br>University of Kassel<br>Germany</p> <p>Ben Scully<br>University of the Witwatersrand<br>South Africa</p> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top; width: 33%;"> <p><strong>Managing Editor</strong></p> <p>Karin Pampallis<br>University of the Witwatersrand<br>South Africa</p> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top; width: 33%;"> <p><strong>Reviews Editor</strong></p> <p>Jörg Nowak<br>University of Nottingham<br>United Kingdom<br><br></p> <p><strong>Consulting Editor</strong></p> <p>Robert O'Brien<br>McMaster University<br> Canada</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> McMaster University Library Press en-US Global Labour Journal 1918-6711 <div style="text-align: justify;"><p><em>Global Labour Journal's</em> authors grant the journal permission to publish, but they retain copyright of their manuscripts. The <em>Global Labour Journal</em> applies a <a title="Creative Commons License" href="" target="_blank">Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International License</a>.</p><p>Under the terms of this licensing framework anyone is free to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work, under the following conditions:</p><ol><li><em>Attribution</em>: You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).</li><li><em>Noncommercial Use:</em> You may not use this work for commercial purposes.</li><li><em>No Derivative Works</em>: You may not alter, transform, or build upon this work.</li></ol><p>For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work.</p><p>Any of the above conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder, the author of the piece. The author's moral rights are retained in this license.</p><p> </p></div> In Memoriam: Dan Clawson (1948-2019) Ruth Milkman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 10 3 10.15173/glj.v10i3.4117 In Memoriam: Rob Lambert (1945-2019) Edward Webster ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 10 3 10.15173/glj.v10i3.4116 From Global Unions to the Shop Floor: Trade Union Networks in Transnational Corporations in Brazil <p>This article analyses the origins, development and organisation of cross-union, company-based trade union networks in transnational corporations in the metal and chemical industries in Brazil. Collectively developed by local, national, foreign and international trade union organisations, this kind of union action was introduced in the country in the early 2000s as a way to connect local labour representatives organising workers in different locations within the same company. Networks strengthen local labour power and stimulate transnational connections. Promoting solidarity among workers across multiple factories, they offer the perspective for a global unionism connected to shop-floor organisation. Despite these achievements, networks face important challenges. Power imbalances, the reliance on restrictive social dialogue arrangements and the compromise with traditional structures limit the reach of the strategy.</p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>KEY WORDS: </strong>globalisation; trade unions; new labour transnationalism; trade union networks; Brazil</p> Ricardo Framil Filho Leonardo Mello e Silva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 10 3 10.15173/glj.v10i3.3588 Defending Informal Workers’ Welfare Rights: Trade Union Struggles in Tamil Nadu <p class="GLJText1">The South Indian state of Tamil Nadu has had a rich history of informal workers’ movements and struggles that have pressured the state government to enact statutory schemes and set up worker welfare boards to extend social protection to informal workers. This article discusses the efforts of two prominent trade unions in the state to secure welfare benefits for informal workers, and explores the primary challenges, conflicts and dilemmas they have faced. It explores the troubled interfaces between trade unions and the worker welfare boards that the unions regard as the fruit of workers’ struggles and collective organising of the past. The unions have used the welfare boards to mobilise new occupational categories of workers as well as women workers in the lower rungs of the informal sector. At the same time, the welfare boards are a double-edged sword that the unions must carefully manage given the frustration and disappointments that ensue when the promise of social protection remains elusive to workers. Placing this case study in the larger context of labour movements across the world that have won contingent victories in protecting workers’ interests and well-being, the article raises troubling questions regarding the implications of these victories in neo-liberal state regimes.</p> <p class="GLJText1">KEY WORDS: informal workers; trade unions; welfare rights; labour organising; Tamil Nadu</p> K. Kalpana ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 10 3 10.15173/glj.v10i3.3706 Just Transition at the Intersection of Labour and Climate Justice Movements: Lessons from the Portuguese Climate Jobs Campaign <p>In the current context of climate change and its accompanying adverse effects on natural, human and social systems, the imperative of transitioning to low- and preferably post-carbon societies has become a non-negotiable reality if we want to avoid reaching the point of no return in terms of environmental and climate catastrophe. Such a transition requires that the interests and needs of workers and their communities be taken into consideration to make sure they do not bear the heaviest part of the burden in terms of loss of jobs and means of survival, and that they are prepared to face the new, post-carbon labour environment. The concept of Just Transition was coined to describe both the socio-political project put forward by trade unions in response to climate change, and the recognition by climate activists that the livelihoods and security of workers and their communities must be ensured during the transition to a post-carbon society. However, just transition movements are divided between two quite different orientations, which are labelled “affirmative” and “transformative.” On the one hand, affirmative just transition advocates envisage a transition within the current political-economic system. Transformative just transition activists, on the other hand, envisage a post-capitalist transition. This article, drawing upon an extensive case study of the Portuguese climate jobs campaign,&nbsp;goes beyond showing how these orientations shape the positions taken by union and climate activists. The article also analyses how the conflicts and cooperation between these key actors can shed light on the possibilities and/or limitations of just transition as a framework for the collective action needed to achieve rapid, deep decarbonisation of economies in the Global North context.</p> <p>KEY WORDS: climate change; just transition; labour environmentalism; climate jobs; climate justice; climate activism</p> Chrislain Eric Kenfack ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 10 3 10.15173/glj.v10i3.3631 For a Red-and-Green Alliance in Europe <p>-</p> Julian Müller ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 10 3 10.15173/glj.v10i3.4043 Review of: Tom Barnes (2018) Making Cars in the New India - Industry, Precarity and Informality Thomas Klikauer ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 10 3 10.15173/glj.v10i3.4055 Review of: Raphael Botiveau (2018) Organise or Die: Leadership of a Special Type in South Africa’s National Union of Mineworkers Asanda Benya ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 10 3 10.15173/glj.v10i3.4078 Review of: Andrew Kolin (2016) Political Economy of Labour Repression in the United States Dave Kamper ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 10 3 10.15173/glj.v10i3.3872 Review of: Kim Moody (2017) On New Terrain: How Capitalism is Reshaping the Battleground of Class War Anne Engelhardt ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 10 3 10.15173/glj.v10i3.4084 Review of: Robbie Shilliam (2018) Race and the Undeserving Poor. From Abolition to Brexit Spyros Themelis ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 10 3 10.15173/glj.v10i3.4074