Women and Freemasonry in France and Germany


  • Casey D Huffmire




The intent of this paper is not to discover or summarize the
debate on the origins of either institution. The objective is to
shed light on women’s views of themselves and their role in
society in eighteenth- and early nineteenth-centuries in Western
Europe. This will be illustrated by examples of women’s involvement in and influence on Freemasonry in France and Germany. The origins of women's involvement with Freemasonry will be discussed, therefore, only in an effort to display the above-mentioned objective, not to make a statement in the debate regarding the introduction of women into Freemasonry.


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