Scales for evaluating the acceptance of the rape myth
Benefits and limitations
Keywords:Forensic, Acceptance of Rape Myth, Rape, Sexual offense, Perception, Cognition, Scales
Sexual violence, rape being the most extreme form, provokes denial behaviors amongst the general population, as well as minimization or justification of the facts, or even laying the blame on the victim. All these reactions show acceptance of a set of attitudes, beliefs and stereotypes that we call the Rape Myth. Acceptance of the Myth endorses rape, deters the victim from reporting it, and increases the consequences for the victims. Since the emergence of this concept in the 1970s, around 30 scales have been created to measure it. This article presents the benefits and limitations of the major scales: “Rape Myth Acceptance Scale” (Burt, 1980), the “Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale” (Payne, Lonsway and Fitzgerald, 1999) and the “Acceptance of Modern Myths about Sexual Aggression Scale” (Gerger, Kley, Bohner and Siebler, 2007).
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