Clinicians’ perceptions of the implementation of the Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for violence risk (SAPROF) on an inpatient forensic unit


  • Tom Domjancic Center of Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
  • Treena Wilkie Center of Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
  • Shaheen Darani Center of Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
  • Brittney Williams Center of Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
  • Bandhana Maheru Center of Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
  • Zahra Jamal Center of Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada



Strengths, Risk assessment, SAPROF, Consensus scoring, Recovery


The Structured Assessment of PROtective Factors for Violence Risk (SAPROF) is an assessment tool that examines protective factors when assessing for violence risk. There is limited research on clinicians’ perceptions of the use and implementation of risk assessment tools, and this study aimed to examine the experiences of clinicians using the SAPROF in a low secure forensic rehabilitation inpatient unit in Canada. An exploratory research design was used, and five clinicians participated in semi-structured interviews. Data was analyzed using a thematic approach and three central themes were identified: understanding of the patient from a strengths-based point of view, providing clinicians with a focus on how to help the patient, and bringing in opportunities to collaborate as a team. The findings highlight the additional value of the SAPROF as tool in helping forensic teams to adopt strengths based approaches to risk assessment, enhancing treatment planning and inter-professional collaboration.


Keywords: strengths, risk assessment, SAPROF, consensus scoring, recovery


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How to Cite

Domjancic, T., Wilkie, T., Darani, S., Williams, B., Maheru, B., & Jamal, Z. (2019). Clinicians’ perceptions of the implementation of the Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for violence risk (SAPROF) on an inpatient forensic unit. International Journal of Risk and Recovery, 2(2), 18–27.



Original Article