Globalization's Problematic for Labour: Three Paradigms

  • Paul Bowles University of Northern British Columbia
Keywords: globalization, international labour standards, labour, neoliberalism,


Globalization's impact on workers worldwide is contested. The nature of labour's responses is similarly contested. To a significant degree this contestation arises because of different conceptualizations of 'globalization'. I distinguish between three paradigms of globalization: neoclassical liberalism, anti-neoliberal globalism and multi-centred statism. I analyze each paradigm in terms of their identification of globalization’s problematic for labour and the responses from labour that they suggest. The positions of China and India in these problematics and responses are discussed.