Limits of the 'Social Pact' in Brazil

  • Diego Azzi University of São Paulo
Keywords: Brazil, democracy, labor movement, politics, social movements.,


The present article analyzes the June 2013 demonstrations that took place in many cities in Brazil, arguing that ultimately they expose the limits of the 'social pact' promoted by Lula since his 2002 presidential campaign. Problems and contradictions in different spheres of the Brazilian society are brought into light to argue that the 'social pact' has reached its limits and that structural changes are needed if it is to deepen social justice and economic growth. The recent protests and informal online organized mobilizations pose new challenges not only to the Federal Government, but to political parties and the labor movement itself, especially in the face of the upcoming 2014 presidential elections.